In fact she survived, was repaired and resumed her service, until sank for good by USS Queenfish on 15 November 1944. In fact, the aircraft carrier balance was to decide the fate of the conflict. Displacement: 17,830 t. standard -19 700 t. Full Load Dimensions: 180.2 m long, 22.5 m wide, 7.8 m draft Machinery: 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 4 boilers, 25,200 hp. –Mitsubishi A6M Zero “Zeke” (1939): By far the most famous navy fighter. Top speed: 25 knots Armament: 4 x 140 mm, 8 x 25 mm AA, 2 x 7.7 mmn AA, 21 aircraft Crew: 550. The Hosho however, was completed before, and became the world’s first operational aircraft carrier, built as such. The print appears to depict either the carrier Zuihō or the carrier Shōhō. The early completion of the Kaga and Akagi, in 1927-28 was assorted yet of many experimentations in launching and recovering planes on separate decks for example. Crude bombsights where installed and the six to ten bombs were just converted shells released through metal tubes installed either side of the fuselage. –Nakajima C2N (1930) staff carrier developed with Fokker, used by the navy and army (Ki-6), prod. Her role was to provide an air cover during amphibious and landing operations but she became an aircraft ferry, until 18 November 1943 when she was sailing with the torpedo boat Tomozuru, off the entrance to Manila. Ended: 04 Nov, 2020 18:13:12 GMT. As seaplane tenders they srved nevertheless during the second sino-Japanese war and the early Pacific War and naturally were converted after the Battle of Midway at Sasebo Naval Yard. In 1932, she was converted to seaplane tender at Uraga Dock, completed by February 1933 and re-assigned to the Combined Fleet as a seaplane tender. Top speed: 29 knots Armament: 8 x 127 AA, 4 x 25 mm AA, 48 aircraft Crew: 924. Her good underwater protection however prevented the ship from capsizing, and she stayed afloat for 7 hours, leaving pkenty of time to evacuate her crew and try to save her, and later evacuate her when she sank on November 29, 1944. On board, all 2,046 men, of the crew and IJA’s 64th Infantry Regiment went with her. FUJMI IMPERIAL JAPANESE NAVY 1/350 AIRCRAFT CARRIER ZUIKAKU: Condition: New. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Used by NOTORO, phased out late 1930s –Aichi E3A (1930): Recce floatplane dev. Each “division” had two carriers, each with its own hikōtai (aircraft/aviation unit). This long work ended in March 1928. Small hangar and relativelyshort flight deck added, no island, catapult or arresting gear. The Japanese Navy then purchased the ship, and after the Battle of Midway in June 1942, decided to convert her into an aircraft carrier. –Mitsubishi 1MF (1921) 138 built, retired 1923 -Heinkel HD 23/Aichi Type H (1926) semi experimental fighter, 4 built -Kawanishi K-11 (1927) experimental fighter, 2 built –Nakajima A1N (1928), based on Gloster Gambet, 151 built, retired 1935 –Nakajima A2N (1929): 166 built, retired 1941 Note: The Navy also used the Gloster Sparrowhawk from 1931, 90 were in service. Displacement: 38,200 t. standard -43 650 t. Full Load Dimensions: 247.65 m long, 32.5 m wide, 9.5 m draft Machines: 4 propellers, 4 turbines, 8 boilers, 127,000 hp. –Aichi M6A1 Seiran (1943) Navy Special Strike Submarine Bomber developed for the I-400 submarines, 28 built. From its creation, this unit was under command of Vice Admiral Chūichi Nagumo, and chief of staff Rear Admiral Ryūnosuke Kusaka. Top speed: 34 knots Armor: Max 150 mm (ammo stores) Armament: 12 x 127, 51 x 25 mm AA, 65 aircraft Crew: 1,595. Japan, 1919-45. IJN Shinano’s AA peaked with 145 25-mm guns and 12 rocket launchers. At the same time he received new, more powerful machines, his speed gaining two tenths of a knot. So when the British admiralty started the HMS Hermes on plans in 1917, laid down specifically as an aircraft carrier, Japan was not long to follow. Without contest, the A6M was the most famous IJN fighter in 1941. IJN Shinano, with her 72,000 tons at full load even exceeded USS Midway launched in 1945, despite Midway was longer than 24 meters. Her sister ship Nigitsu Maru was sunk by USS Hake on 12 January 1944. She inaugurated a new ambitious series of ships, two others planned for the 1942 plan (No. In February 1942, work started in Kure, and she was completed in December 1943. In September 1942 she was at Kavieng (Solomon) and conducted many Tokyo Express transport runs to Guadalcanal. –Yokosuka MXY-8 Akigusa (1945), a clone of the German Me 163 Komet, which plans and parts arrived via U-Boat. In addition they had two hangars and two lifts, but protection was insufficient, especially underwater while these hangar were quite low. Note: Foreign planes built under licence are not included there. The Hyūga-class helicopter destroyer (ひゅうが型護衛艦, Hyūga-gata-goei-kan) is a class of helicopter carrier built for the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF). She served first as troop transport until December 1942 and like her twin Brazil maru sank in 1942, was chosen to be converted into an aircraft carrier. Certainly with her sister ship, the best carrier in the world at that time. She was badly damaged twice but survived, was repaired and in 1945 she was in home waters, in Kure. Fuel tanks were dislocated, massed planes exploded in chain, fire spread to the two hangars causing a series of new explosions. The latter displaced “only” 59,000 tons fully loaded. Top speed: 22 knots Armament: 6 x 127 mm (2 × 3) guns, 12 x 25 mm AA guns, 24 seaplanes Crew: 800. After the American attack annihilates the three aircraft carriers, iryu managed to get off without damage. This emerging concept of a mass pre-emptive aerial attack had the consequence of shifting the main battle fleet attention to battles over the horizon and naval games tactical and strategic plays showed this over time. In 1928, indeed the trio led to the creation of the First Carrier Division, studying naval air engagement possibilities. It was not planned to transform it at first, because it is the twin of the Akagi, of the Amagi class, much more advanced in its construction (launched, in completion), which was preferred in order to simplify the studies conversion and for the homogeneity of the fleet, like the American Saratoga class at the same time. Imperial Japanese Navy Aircraft Carriers 1921-45. Displacement: 13,600 t. standard -16 496 t. Full Load Dimensions: 166.55 m long, 21.90 m wide, 8.04 m draft Machinery: 2 steam turbines, 4 boilers, 52,000 hp. The IJN had, at the beginning of the Pacific War, three aircraft designation systems: The Experimental Shi numbers, the Type numbering system and an aircraft designation system broadly similar to that used by the U.S. Navyfrom 1922 until 1962. The Kaga as delivered, showing her amazing three-staged flying-off decks. The latter differed by her machinery, less powerful. Later that mmonth she was near-missed by USS Sculpin east of Kokoda. The print shows some spots and an area of discoloration, and the edges have been reinforced with paper tape on the back. China’s nearly continuous air and sea provocations around the disputed Senkaku Islands (Diaoyu in China), together with the general “lack of transparency surrounding [China’s] defense policy and military power,” have deeply concerned Japan, … It’s then not a surprise the IJN did so well until mid-1942, and also how much the USN effort to resist the onslaught until that point was meritorious. They replaced with ease the obsolete Maurice Farman used up to that point. These vessels were classed as auxiliaries until31 August 1942, when they were reclassified as warships. The presence of both troops and vehicles with landing crafts in a flooded dock below and aviation support above, made the ship the world’s first amphibious assault vessel, an early LHD. Required fields are marked *. Large Japanese Navy Aircraft Carrier Print $ 90.00. Her career ended when USS Drum torpedoed IJN Mizuho on 1st May 1942, 40 nautical miles off Omaezaki, Japan just before midnight. The ships also could also carry 27 Daihatsu-class landing craft. The 1939 plan had approved the construction of a new heavy-duty fleet aircraft carrier of the improved Shokaku type. She was completed and commissioned just days prior the attack on Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941. The conversion of the most powerful warship of all time into an aircraft carrier would give the largest and best armoured aircraft carrier of the Second World War. While Japan has grappled with long-running territorial disputes with Russia and South Korea, it was China’s “unilateral, coercive attempts to alter the status quo” that spurred Japan to action. The beginnings of Japanese naval aviation in 1912 found a first concrete application on 23 August 1914. In this case, big and fast ships had preference. Japan has decided to refit its Izumo-class light carriers to operate the F-35B stealth fighter. She was repaired in Yokosuka and joined the Hi-87 convoy to Singapore, but in January 1945, she was heavily damaged in Hong Kong. On 6 September 1914 was the very first air-sea battle in history. In 1944, their AA was increased to forty-four 25 mm AA, and 6 rocket launchers with 28 tubes, with also eight ASW grenades attached to side cradles. Her single main hangar was served by two lifts, and was heavily armored. Officially known as the 1st Air Fleet (第一航空艦隊, or Daiichi Kōkū Kantai it was known also as the Kidō Butai (“Mobile Force”). For a list of ships of its successor, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, see List of active Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force ships and List of combatant ship classes of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. She was damaged near Java in 1943 and towed for repairs in Singapore, scuttled and BU in 1947. Finally, she was sunk on November 17, 1944, by the sub USS Spadefish. A code was soon created to differenciate between the two: Two letters and a number, coding the plane origin and purpose, a Japanese symbolic name, and on top the allied intelligence code, versus the factory designation for Japanese Army planes with the Type in Imperial years. As a result of its treaty with Great Britain, Japan declared war on Germany, and they soon blockaded the German colony of Kiaochow, and its administrative capital, Tsingtao (Shandong peninsula). Three officers were sent to Hammondsport (Curtiss) and two in France for training and instruction, making back home their first flights at Oppama, Yokosuka Bay. This aircraft carrier never completed was based on a cruiser hull of a modified mogami class, converted after launch in May 1943. She had a small command bridge and a tripod mast, removed in 1923 to achieve a “flush-deck”, kept since. Facilities were constructed at Lake Kasumigaura (Ibaraki Prefecture) near Tokyo, which operated both naval and land planes. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Her completion was delayed by design changes until 27 February 1942 and in March she joined Vice Admiral Teruhisa Komatsu’s IJN 6th Fleet with Chiyoda and Aikoku Maru for exercizes. The Washington Naval allowed Japanese to request two incomplete capital ships to be rebuilt as carriers, the IJN Akagi and Amagi. Their economic diesels well adapted to their old function were replaced by destroyers geared steam turbines to follow the fleet. The Akagi was taken over for reconstruction between 1923 and 1927. At first it could carry two assembled and two disassembled seaplanes and soon took part in naval maneuvers off Sasebo. It became vital to “outrange the enemy” in the air, and officers soon emphasized range in the new aircraft specifications, to the cost of protection, as superbly showed by the Zero. Her diesels were replaced by turbines. IJN Hiryu was launched in November 1937 and completed in July 1939. In June 1943 she was sent to New Guinea, carrying reinforcements to Bougainville Island. Top speed: 28.3 knots Armor: Decks 265, belt 250 Armament: 10 x 203, 16 x 100, 30 x 25 mm AA, 90 aircraft Crew: 2,016. By March 1942, with Chitose her planes damaged USS Pope, and the destroyer was latter reported to Ryūjō and Ashigara and Myōkō which finished her off. Displacement: 25,675 t. standard -32 100 t. Full Load Dimensions: 257,50 m long, 26 m wide, 8,87 m draft Machinery: 4 steam turbines, 8 boilers, 160,000 hp. –Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (1944) codename “Baka” the famous suicide rocket plane, 852 built. The Japanese seaplane carrier Wakamiya conducted the world's first successful naval-launched air raids on 5 September 1914 and during the first months of World War I from Kiaochow Bay off Tsingtao. Th… pieces of 203 mm, the rest being in barbettes. Japan lacked the industrial strength needed to wage a war against the United States. IJN Hōshō was the result of this, laid down in December 1919 at Yokohama, and second carried designed from the keel up after HMS Hermes but completed sooner. Displacement: 10,600 t. standard -13 450 t. Full Load Dimensions: 179.90 m long, 20.80 m wide, 7.08 m draft Machinery: 2 steam turbines, 6 boilers, 65,000 hp. We can see a trail there towards the events leading to Pearl Harbour. The only seaplane she carried was provisionally stored in the workshops for repairs. The following is the List of aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, both past and present. They differed somewhat in tonnage and Amagi and Katsuragi received no less than eight nine 25mm guns instead of fifty-one on Unryu. As a carrier battle group, the Kidō Butai in December 1941 was the centerpiece of a massive “task force” comprising also an escort of two battleships, three cruisers, nine destroyers, supported by eight tankers, and a forward screening of 23 submarines, plus four midget submarines deployed for the initial failed harbor attack. Displacement: 10,929 t. standard -11,960 t. Full Load Dimensions: 183.6 m long, 18.8 m wide, 7 m draft Machinery: 2 propellers, 2 diesels, 15 200 hp. During the first six months of the Pacific War, the IJN wreaked havoc in the southwestern Pacific and the Indian Ocean. Her aviation fuel stores were blasted, and she capsized and sank just 15 minutes after air raid started, with only 178 surviving. Conventional aircraft could fly off from her deck but not land, until July 1944 when a KX arresting gear was fitted. She was present at the Battle of Leyte, sunk on 25 October at Cape Engano by the American Air Force. Her slow speed prevented converted. –Mitsubishi A5M (1935), main fixed-train monoplane, 1094 built, retired 1945 –Nakajima A4N (1935) 221 built, until 1940, second line 1942. Kaga was the third Japanese aircraft carrier. She received air bomb damage north of Tassafaronga in October (Battle of Cape Esperance) and was sent in November to Truk, used in 1943 as fast transport between Japan, and Truk-Rabaul. IJN Shinyo was converted from the 1934 German liner SS Scharnhorst, stuck in Japan and requisitioned with the consent of Berlin. But in the 1930s, many air strike at targets beyond the range of the fleet’s guns demonstrated the potential of a new generation of carried-borne attack planes. The 1st air fleet was created in April 1941, the gradual gathering of three carrier divisions called tkōkū sentai (air flotillas) and a major component of the Combined Fleet (Rengō Kantai). -Kawanishi K6K (1938) seaplane trainer, 3 built -Kawanishi K8K (1938), same, 15 built -Nippi K8Ni1 (1938), same, prototype -Nakajima E12N (1938), recce floatplane, 2 built –Aichi H9A (1940), recce seaplane, 31 built –Nakajima E14Y (1939), shipboard recce floatplane, 126 built –Kawanishi E15K Shiun (1941) codename “Norm”, 15 built, floatplane Torpedo bomber –Kawanishi H8K (1941) codename “Emily”, main long-range aquad-engine, 167 built –Kawanishi N1K1 Kyofu (1942) “Rex”, main IJN floatplane fighter, variant, land-based fighter Kawanishi N1K-J Shiden- 1,532 built. This wall of fire was in principle impassable, but exactly 10 days after her commissioning, her crew still testing all systems, she was spotted and torpedoed during her first and only shakedown trip off the Japanese coast by the submarine USS Archerfish, launching a full salvo. They also confirmed the SMS Emden was absent, passed to British intelligence. This siege saw the use for the first time in history of naval aviation, ship-borne. True specialization will come when the effectiveness of the apparatus alone will be sufficient to render all this surface artillery obsolete. Both were sunk in the Battle of Leyte Gulf. Top speed: 29 knots Armament: 4 x 127 AA, 48 x 25 mm AA, 6 x 28 launch rockets, 30 grenades ASM, 27 aircraft Crew: 942, Your email address will not be published. The Ki-76 had so much sustentation that she actually could land on her short deck. Japanese seaplane carrier/tender Chiyoda in 1938, full speed. Taiho was unusual for a Japanese carrier when she first launched on April 7, 1943, as she was the first of the Imperial Japanese Navy’s flattops to feature an armored flight deck. IJN Ruyjo was very active, although not part of the kido Butai, she was sent to the East Solomon Islands and there was hit by US naval air force, taking four bomb hits and a torpedo. (Picture source Twitter account tokyoincident) In December 2018, the Japanese Cabinet gave the approval to convert them into aircraft carriers capable of operating the STOVL F-35B. The first version of the Akagi, in 1927, was unusual because the buildings had two runways at the front, and a landing lane at the stern, with no island or apparent gangway, and with two double turrets. In 1941, the need for new aircraft carriers meant that she was sent in drydock for conversion into an aircraft carrier. She was actually confused with Shoho during the Battle of the Coral Sea. By November 1940, she was assigned to the 24th Air Flotilla, 4th Fleet from December 1941. The shift away from battleships as main target to the aircraft carriers was apparent in naval games by the mid-1930s, notably with a new generation of precision tools, the dive-bombers, for which Japan was ready to be invested in intensive training. These large aircraft carriers were ordered in 1941 as part of the mobilization plan. Diana Stancy Correll November 16 The U.S. Navy’s only forward-deployed aircraft carrier, the USS Ronald Reagan, returned to Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan, Nov. … Kamoi was completed 12 September 1922 as a “special service ship”, fleet Oiler. Kido Butai in the Indian Ocean – 1942 Part I, Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928), South Korea unveils initiative to promote eco-friendly ship technologies, Hybrid upgrades to give vessels more attractive environmental profiles, USCG’s 9th national security cutter sails away from shipyard, Taiwan launches improved ‘carrier killer’ corvette, commissions new minelayer, ¿Cuál fue la misión secreta del buque San Jacinto en Cabo Verde? –Mitsubishi F1M (1936) 944 recce, last biplane floatplanes in the IJN –Yokosuka H5Y (1936) Type 99 Flying Boat Model 11, 20 built -Watanabe K6W (1937) experimental florplane trainder/recce –Aichi E11A (1937) 17 gunnery spotting seaplanes (E11A Type 98) -Kawanishi E11K (1937), two transport flying boats -Nakajima E12N (1938), 2 recce floatplanes -Nippi K8Ni1 (1938), 2 trainer floatplanes –Watanabe E9W (1938) 35 shipboard recce biplanes -Watanabe K8W (1938) 3 built, recce seaplane trainers –Aichi E13A (1938) main recce monoplane floatplane, 1,418 built -Kawanishi E13K (1938) 2 built, 3-seat shipboard recce. –Nakajima B6N Tenzan (1941) coldename “Jill”, 1,268 built planned replacement for the “Nate”. There were seven American aircraft carriers at the beginning of hostilities, only three operating in the Pacific; and eight British aircraft carriers, of which a single one operated in the Indian Ocean. Only these three vessels had an operational life, however short. There are a total of [ 18 ] WW2 Japanese Aircraft Carriers (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. The following year, in 1913 a Navy transport ship, the … They adopted a double hangar, yet still relatively unprotected, only ammunition stores with armor plates ranging from 100 to 165 mm. A group of Nakajima B5N2 over the fleet – Colorized by Irootoko jr. Japanese aviation was divided between the Army and Navy models, with a great deal of rivalry between the two, a bit like the USA. AA was anecdotal. It was loaded with 60 aircraft, and measured 238 meters long and 29.60 wide with 7.9 meters of draft and 33,160 tons tested. IJN Kamoi carried 22 Nakajima E4N or 12 Yokosuka E5Y. IJN Hiryu in 1939 and 1941 – Colorized by irootoko jr. Coming from the 1931-32 program including Soryu, IJN Hiryu was laid down two years later and closely inspired by it. She was used as an auxiliary ships for invasions support, starting with the Fourth Surprise Attack Force. It was to achieve air superiority to prepare the surface battle, in 1932–33. The third unit of the Yamato class saw her construction suspended in December 1941. As a result, it was a shorter and slower building than the Akagi, but with better protection of the internal bridges. With a total displacement on at least 52,000 long tons, she was the largest aircraft carrier ever built in the world at that time. The whole lineage of the IJN aviation proceeded from there. In addition to a large AA artillery, Ibuki innovated with six anti-aircraft rocket launchers (168 in all) that should have erected a steel barrier impassable to US aviation. In New Britain and New Guinea in January 1942, only the 1st and 5th Kōkū Sentai participated in operations, the others operated separately. Japanese carrier Project G-8.svg 2,500 × 500; 85 KB Displacement: 11,262 t. standard -14 200 t. Full Load Dimensions: 204.8 m long, 18.2 m wide, 6.6 m draft Machinery: 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 4 boilers, 52,000 hp. IJN Kaiyo remained in home waters in 1945 and in August she was bombed by US Navy aircraft, BU in 1947. From this proof of concept, the IJN staff devised the Hei-type landing craft carriers: Apart Akistu Maru, her sister ship Nigitsu Maru was completed in March 1943. However conversion was never completed. IJN Katsuragi was scrapped in 1947. This 15,400 long tons, 140 tonnes ship was armed with 2 × 120 mm (4.7 in) L/45 naval guns and 2 × 76.2 mm (3 in) L/40 AA guns, and carried in 1924 already 8 Type 14-1 Yokosuka E1Y1 three-seat reconnaissance floatplanes. 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